Netherlands lies to the east of Germany and to its south lies Belgium. The country has a population of more than sixteen million people who live in an area of just 41, 534 square kilometers. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. It certainly is a very interesting city. Netherlands has not only enjoyed an enviable reputation as a maritime power but it has also given the world a number of world famous painters. Also, well known for its windmills and clogs as well as very flat lands, Netherlands is a modern and liberal country.